Agricultural Science

Agricultural Science

ISSN: 2291-4471 (Print)    ISSN: 2291-448X (Online)

Volume 2 (2014), No. 2, Pages 1-11

DOI: 10.12735/as.v2i2p01

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Break-Even Profitability for Food-Grade Specialty Soybeans

Juan Mayta1  P. Chen1  M. P. Popp2  D. Dong1  C. J. Wu  B. Zhang3  S. Faye Smith1  A. M. Scaboo4 

1Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR
2Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR
3Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, 509 Latham Hall, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
4Division of Plant Sciences College of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Agriculture Building, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

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Cultivar selection for specialty soybeans is mainly based on seed-yield performance, disease resistance, and value-increasing seed attributes. However, adoption of food-grade specialty soybean cultivars by farmers for commercial production requires studies on profitability and economic factors. This research evaluated the profitability of small-seeded, large-seeded, and high-protein specialty soybeans using break-even (BE) analysis to establish guidelines for cultivar selection and adoption based on economic feasibility. Differential costs for seed and weed control were considered in the BE analysis of two different planting systems: conventional (Scenario I) and herbicide tolerant (Scenario II) soybeans. Average BE premiums were $2.74, $4.26, and $1.30 bu-¹ under Scenario I, and $2.02, $4.57, and $0.66 bu-¹ under Scenario II for small seeded, large seeded, and high-protein test lines, respectively. At current premium level of $3.50 bu-¹ for small seeded, $2.50 bu-¹ for large seeded, and $1.50bu-¹ for high-protein specialty soybean, BE yields for these three types of specialty soybean should be 76.46, 85.21, and 89.28% of the check’s yield when compared with conventional soybean; and 77.47, 92.92, and 90.71% of the check’s yield when compared with Roundup Ready soybean, respectively. Additional positive returns will be expected when the current premiums offered in the market are higher than the BE premium of a specialty soybean cultivar, or when the actual yields of this cultivar are higher than the BE yield at current premiums. Based on the economic feasibilities, the present study proposed a new model for the selection and adoption of specialty soybean cultivars, both in breeding programs and for commercial production.

Keywords: specialty soybean, premiums, yield, large seeded, high protein

To Cite this Article: Mayta, J., Chen, P., Popp, M. P., Dong, D., Wu, C. J., Zhang, B., . . . Scaboo, A. M. (2014). Break-even profitability for food-grade specialty soybeans. Agricultural Science, 2(2), 1-11.

Copyright © J. Mayta et al.

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This article is published under license to Science and Education Centre of North America. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Break-Even Profitability for Food-Grade Specialty Soybeans